The Ponziac scheme is alive and well, and the victims are paying dearly.
The latest revelations in a scandal that has left investors reeling from losses of $2.3 billion, include the former CEO of a major financial firm, former Goldman Sachs executive, and a former hedge fund manager.
This is not the first time that a Ponzis scheme has hit the headlines in the United States, but it is one of the most complex.
Here are the top 10 Ponziest deals of all time.
Citigroup $1.5 billion from investors The former CEO was arrested in 2007 and pleaded guilty in 2012 for fraudulently making false statements to regulators.
Citibank, which owns Citigroup, was also fined $2 billion by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission in 2012.
Morgan Stanley $1 billion from the investment firm The former investment bank chief executive was sentenced in January for fraud and breach of fiduciary duty.
Merrill Lynch $750 million from Merrill Lynch, the investment bank The former Merrill Lynch CEO, who also worked at Citigroup and Bank of America, was sentenced to two years in prison in December 2016 for allegedly making false claims about the bank’s performance.
Credit Suisse $1 million from Credit Suise, the Swiss investment bank A Swiss court fined Credit Suse $750,000 from a Swiss investment fund last year after a former senior executive at the investment group pleaded guilty to fraud.
Deutsche Bank $1,400 million from Deutsche Bank, the bank that oversees the global investment bank In November 2017, a federal judge fined Deutsche Bank a total of $1 trillion for its role in the P.R. scam that stole billions of dollars from investors and investors in China.
Goldman Sachs $1bn from Goldman Sachs, the company that manages investments for clients around the world Goldman Sachs is under investigation by the Securities and Commodities Exchange (SEC) for its involvement in the fraud that resulted in $2 trillion in losses.
Wells Fargo $1billion from Wells Fargo, the banking giant that manages $1trillion in assets and $700bn in liabilities Wells Fargo is under fire for its failure to disclose a $2bn Ponzique scheme in 2014.
JP Morgan Chase $1million from JP Morgan, the largest bank in the world JP Morgan is under a federal investigation after regulators discovered a $1bil fraud involving a client in a P.
Citron $1b from Citron, a hedge fund founded by former hedge funds executive The former head of Citron is under federal investigation for fraud.
Wells Capital $1B from Wells Capital, the private equity firm founded by hedge fund founder John Paulson The hedge fund is under an investigation by regulators for Ponzifying investors, including clients in China and other developing countries.